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Thursday, December 14, 2017

Lists Of Mandinka (West African Language) Given Names Ending In "Ou"

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post presents lists of Mandinka given names ending in "ou". These names are compiled from seven websites of names from Gambia, West Africa. However, many if not all of these names are also probably found among Mandinka people in other West African nations.

A few Mandinka names that include "ou" or begin with "ou" are also found in this compilation.

General information about Mandinka people & Mandinka language are included in this post along with general statements about Mandinka given (personal) names.

The content of this post is presented for etymological and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.

****
INFORMATION ABOUT MANDINKA (PEOPLE)
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandinka_people
"The Mandinka (also known as Mandenka, Mandinko, Mandingo, Manding or Malinke)[9] are a African ethnic group with an estimated global population of 11 million (the other three largest ethnic groups in Africa being the unrelated Fula, Hausa and Songhai peoples). The Mandinka are the descendants of the Mali Empire, which rose to power in the 13th century under the rule of the Malinké/Maninka king Sundiata Keita.

The Mandinka are one ethnic group within the larger linguistic family of the Mandé peoples, who account for more than 90 million people. (Other Mande peoples include the Dyula, Bozo, Bissa and Bambara). Originally from Mali, the Mandinka gained their independence from previous empires in the 13th century and founded an empire which stretched across Africa. They migrated west from the Niger River in search of better agricultural lands and more opportunities for conquest. Through a series of Fula conflicts known as the Fula jihads, particularly the Fula-led Imamate of Futa Jallon, many Mandinka people converted from indigenous animist beliefs to Islam. In the 21st century, more than 99% of Mandinka in contemporary Africa are Muslim.[10][11]

The Mandinka people live primarily in Africa, particularly in The Gambia and Guinea—in both of which they constitute the largest ethnic group.[12] Major populations of the Mandinka people also live in Mali, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau, Niger and Mauritania. Although widespread, in most countries the Mandinka are not the largest ethnic group.[12] Most Mandinka live in family-related compounds in traditional rural villages. Their traditional society has featured socially stratified castes.[9][13][14] Mandinka communities have been fairly autonomous and self-ruled, being led by a chief and group of elders. Mandinka has been an oral society where mythologies, history and knowledge is verbally transmitted from one generation to next.[15]"

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INFORMATION ABOUT MANDINKA (LANGUAGE)
From https://www.omniglot.com/writing/mandinka.htm
"Mandinka (Mandi'nka kango / لغة مندنكا)

Mandinka is a Mande language with about 1.3 million speakers (in 2006) in Mali, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau and Chad. It is the main language of The Gambia, and is recognised as a minority language in Senegal. Mandinka is also known as Mandingo.

There are versions of the Latin and Arabic scripts for writing Mandinka. The Latin script is official, but the Arabic script is used by more people, and is older. The N'Ko script is also used in north east Guinea, and in neighbouring parts of Ivory Coast and Mali.”...

****
GENERAL COMMENTS ABOUT MANDINKA GIVEN NAMES
From http://www.accessgambia.com/information/names.html
Excerpt quoted in Google search but is no longer found on that website (as of December 14, 2017)
"Most Gambian names are either directly from the Koran or they are modified versions of them. For example Lamin is the local for for Al-Amin (a title given to the prophet Mohammed which means "the trustworthy"). In fact most first born males from the Mandinka tribe are named Lamin which can lead to a great deal of [confusion]...” [Pancocojams Editor: This quote ends with the word "of"]

**
[Here's the portion of that introduction that's found on that website as of December 14, 2017]
"Names of People in Gambia

Gambian names will be unfamiliar at first to European ears—though some Gambians are called John, many more are called by 'African' names such as Lamin (derived from the Arabic Al-Amin) which is the most common Gambian name or Muslim names such as Mohammed.

....Note that spelling variations are common."...
-snip-
From my internet reading, I believe that "ou" in these Mandinka names have the same sound as the English "u".

****
LISTS OF MANDINKA GIVEN NAMES ENDING IN "OU"
Pancocojams Editor's Note:
These lists are given in no particular order. Numbers are assigned to these lists for referencing purposes only.

Names from one list are often found on other lists.

Name meanings aren't given unless they are included in the quoted text.

LIST #1
From http://pecesofadream.blogspot.com/2008/09/gambia-local-names-ane-their-meaning.html
"GAMBIA LOCAL NAMES AND THEIR MEANING
Abdou-M -man's name (Mandinka)

Abi-F-short form of Abibatu, Abisatou, Abiyatou

Abdoulie-M-short form of Abdoulie

Alabatou-F-to worship (Mandinka)

Alamouta-M-to rely on God (Mandinka)

Amadou-M-one of Muhammad's names; popular boy's name

Antouman-M -man's name (Mandinka)

Babou-M-Baabu and Buubakar stand for Abuubakar

Bintou-F-lady's name (Mandinka)

Dodou-M

Fatou-F

Fatoumatta-F

Hasimou -M

Isatou-F- long form of Ayisa (Isa)

Jibou-M

Modou-M

Saikou-M-popular boy's name"
-snip-
Here's an excerpt from that site publisher’s profile statement:
“My name is Dulci.People call Dulci Bonita. I was born in Suriham Amsterdam and love travelling that brings me to Banjul, The gambia (West Africa)I see a lot of talent in the children of The Gambia expecially in the Ebo-Village Where My Husband's Family lives and it is through them they inspired me to try to give them a chance to make their dreamd come true and create more love for the African People in General. This site is based on love,nature,dreams,understanding and real African culture expecially that of The Gambia and the Ebo-Village community. And mostly its a community web site For The Gambians And the Ebo-Village Community.My next Admine is Amadou G Jallow who is In the Gambia And is based in the Ebo-Village who is so couragious,and curious to tell every one about the real life of the African,Gambian people and its culture.”...

****
LIST #2
From http://resourcepage.gambia.dk/names.htm

[Pancocojams Editor- These names were given in two sections: the first section highlighted common names for boys and common names for girls, and the second section presented a more comprehensive list of names for boys and a list for girls. I combined those lists of boys names and girls names into one list and added [m] for males (boys) and [f] for females (girls) after the names.]

“Traditional Names

Disclaimer:This list is still under development and is far from comprehsive. So if we missed your name, or another traditional Gambian name that you know about, please let us know so we can add it to the list.
Below are some fairly common names one may find in The Gambia:
Abdoulie(Abdou)

Amadou- M

Momodou (or just 'Modou')-M

Ousman - M

Saikou-M

Fatoumatta (or just Fatou)-F

Satou -F

Here is a more comprehensive list of names. This list of names was derived from the Mandinka dictionary, but many of these names are common among the other major ethnic groups in The Gambia as well, such as the Fula, Wolof, and Jola.

Abdoulie(Abdou) [m]

Alimatou [f]

Amadou [m]

Bassirou [m]

Baturou [m]

Bintou/Bintu [f]

Fatoumatta (or just Fatou) [f]

Hasimou [m]

Isatou [f]

Jahou [f]

Jatou [f]

Jibou [f]

Momodou (or just 'Modou') [m]

Saikou [m]"
-snip-
Here's the link to the Mandinka dictionary that was the source for the names on this list:
http://resourcepage.gambia.dk/langabot.htm

****
LIST #3
From http://www.accessgambia.com/information/names.html
Names of People in Gambia
..."Below are listed popular Gambian male and female first names as well as common surnames; nicknames are in parenthesis. Note that spelling variations are common."

[Pancocojams Editor- These names were given in two lists one for boys and one for girls. I combined the list and added [m] for males (boys) and [f] for females (girls) after the names.]

Abdoulaye [m]

Baboucar (Bouba) [m]

Fatoumata (Fatou) [f]

Isatou [f]

Kaddyatou (Kady) [f]

Ramatoulaye (Ramou) [f]

Saihou [m]"

****
LIST #4
From http://www.lowchensaustralia.com/names/gambia.htm
"Abou-m

Abdoulie- m

Abdou-m- short form of Abdoulie

Abi -f- short form of Abibatu, Abisatou, Abiyatou

Alabatou – f- to worship [Mandinka]

Alamatou-m- to rely on God

Amadou- m-one of Mohammad’s names, popular boy’s name

Antouman-m- man’s name

Babou- m- Baabu and Buubakar stand for Abuubakar -man’s name (Mandinka)

Bintou-F- ladies name (Mandinka)

Dodou – M

Fatou- F

Fatoumatta -F

Hasimou-M

Isatou-F- long form of Ayisa (Isa)

Jabou- F

Jatou-M

Jibou-M

Modou-M

Momodou-M

Ousman-M

Saikou-M- popular boy’s names

****
LIST #5
From http://www.columbia.edu/~msj42/Common%20Gambian%20First%20Names.htm
"List of Gambian Names was compiled by Mr. Saikou Samateh with contributions from subscribers to Gambia-L discussion forum. Please note that some names are used by both male and female. Thanks to everyone who contributed to the list.

Last updated: 12/16/08.

[Pancocojams Editor’s Note: This full list includes a number of “standard English” given names]

Gambian Names

FEMALE
Allabatou

Allamouta

Allimatou

Asanatou

Coumba

Coura

Fatoumata

Fatou

Babibatou

Houdja

Houmou

Isatou

Jariatou

Kodou

Kurou

Olimatou

Ousainatou

Sainabou

Sanou

Saratou

MALE

Abdoulaye

Alboury

Alfusainou

Allabatou

Allamouta

Amadou

Baboucar

Basirou

Bechou

Fallou

Houn

Ibou

Ketabou

Momodou

Mounir

Ousainou

Ousman

Saidou

Saikou

Sambou

****
LIST #6
From http://www.afropedea.org/common-mandinka-names Common Mandinka Names
"Mandinkas (Mandingo) were founders of the Great Mali Empire. Mandinka first names are typically
Africanized Arabic names.

Fatou [f]

Isatou [f]

Coulibaly [M]

Kouyaté [m]

Ouattara [m]

****
LIST #7
From http://mansata.wikifoundry.com/page/Gambian+Names+**FEMALE**+**NEW**
"Babibatou

Fatoumata

Fatou

Isatou

Jabou

Jariatou

Kodou

Kurou

Ndiabou

Olimatou

Ousainatou

Tasatou"

****
LINK TO RELATED PANCOCOJAMS POST
http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2017/12/senegalese-childrens-song-fatou-yo-by.html
"Senegalese Children's Song "Fatou Yo" by Touré Kunda (information, lyrics, & YouTube sound file)"

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Senegalese Children's Song "Fatou Yo" by Touré Kunda (information, lyrics, & YouTube sound file)

Edited by Azizi Powell

Revised December 14, 2017

This pancocojams post provides information about the Senegalese band Touré Kunda and showcases that band's hit children's song "Fatou Yo".

Information about the language that is used for this song is included in this post along with information about the name "Fatou".

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Touré Kunda for its musical legacy and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to the publishers of these examples on YouTube.

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INFORMATION ABOUT TOURE KUNDA
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tour%C3%A9_Kunda
"Touré Kunda is a Senegalese band noted for their musical versatility and political activism. Their 36-year career encompasses recordings in over six languages and collaborations with well-known musicians such as Carlos Santana and Talking Heads. They have had considerable success in Africa and Europe and are active in social causes such as Children's rights and advocates for the homeless.

Biography
Born twenty-two days apart in 1950 in Ziguinchor in Casamance, Senegal, Ismaïla and Sixu Tidiane Touré were introduced to music by their elder brother Amadou, a singer and musician.

They moved to Paris to complete their musical education. They worked their way up in the Parisian scene. The group sings in Soninké, Wolof, Fula, Mandingo, Diola, and Portuguese creole, reflecting the multilingual mixture of the people of Casamance.

Their first album, Ismaïla do Sixu, was released in 1979. It was followed by E'Mma Africa in 1980 and Touré Kunda in 1982. In 1985, following the death of their brother and mentor Amadou, Ismael and Sixu Tidiane toured throughout Africa.

Upon returning to France, they found considerable success and critical acclaim among the French music press. In 1992, they were invited to play for Nelson Mandela at the Courtyard of Human Rights.

In 1999 their album Légendes, a retrospective of their 20-year career, was released. Shortly thereafter, they participated in Carlos Santana's album Supernaturel and toured with him. A greatest hits album, Best Of, was released in 2006. Their most recent album, Santhiaba, came out in 2008.

Ismaïla and Sixu Tidiane Touré are members of the sponsoring committee of the United Nations' Decade for the Promotion of a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World."...

****
SHOWCASE EXAMPLE: AFRICA Music /Best of all time : TOURE KUNDA: Fatou Yo



WitnessTheDevine, Uploaded on Jul 16, 2011

This is an african song , a little all , Almost every generation in Senegal loved it .....Every generation sang it , ,, and it still rocks ......

****
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SONG "FATOU YO"
Here's a summary of that song from Best Children's Music [website no longer available on December 13, 2017]
"Toure Kunda (TOUR-ray KOON-dah) / Senegal / Fatou Yo (I Am Fatou) sung in Mandingo*. Fatou is a little girl who lives in Senegal, a country in Africa. She likes to dance with the other boys and girls in her village, and dreams about singing with baby elephants and giraffes.

The song is a sikko (SEE-koh), a dance where people get in a line and hold their hands towards the sky or hold the waist of the person in front of them. Senegal is a country in Western Africa that borders the Atlantic Ocean. There are many different tribes and ethnic groups, each with a unique culture. Languages spoken include Wolof, Fulani, Serer and Mandingo, but the common language is French because Senegal used to be a colony of France."
-snip-
I reformatted this summary to enhance its readability.

*Here's information about the Mandingo language (correct term: Mandinka) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandinka_language
"The Mandinka language (Mandi'nka kango), or Mandingo, is a Mandé language spoken by the Mandinka people of the Casamance region of Senegal, the Gambia, and northern Guinea-Bissau. It is the principal language of the Gambia.

Mandinka belongs to the Manding branch of Mandé, and is thus similar to Bambara and Maninka/Malinké. In a majority of areas, it is a tonal language with two tones: low and high, although the particular variety spoken in the Gambia and Senegal borders on a pitch accent due to its proximity with non-tonal neighboring languages like Wolof."...

****
INFORMATION ABOUT THE NAME "FATOU"
"Fatou" [pronounced FAH-tu], a short form of the name "Fatoumatta" (also found as "Fatoumata").

"Fatoumatta" )"Fatoumata") is a Mandinka (language) name that is a form of the Arabic female name "Fatima".
http://www.vornamen-liste.de/female-arabic-first-names-f.html
"Fatou
Fatou is a female given name common in West Africa. In Gambia, he* is traditionally given to first-born daughters. The Arabic form of the name is Fatima."
-snip-
"he"= "it"

****
Here's a quote from a website that includes the names Fatoumatta ("Fatou"):
http://resourcepage.gambia.dk/names.htm:
"Here is a more comprehensive list of names. This list of names was derived from the Mandinka dictionary*, but many of these names are common among the other major ethnic groups in The Gambia as well, such as the Fula, Wolof, and Jola."

*Mandinka Dictionary
by Ebrima Colley, Peace Corps, 1995; http://resourcepage.gambia.dk/ftp/mandinka.pdf
-snip-
Click for the related pancocojams post http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2017/12/lists-of-mandinka-west-african-language.html Lists Of Mandinka (West African Language) Given Names Ending In "Ou"

****
LYRICS - FATOU YO
(performed by Touré Kunda)

Fatou yo si dia dialano
Fatou yo si dia dialano
Fatou yo si dia dialano
Fatou yo si dia dialano

Fatou faye faye fatou
Fatou kélémen dio
Fatou yo si dia dialano
Fatou faye faye fatou
Fatou kélémen dio
Fatou yo si dia dialano

Boutoumbélé boutoumbélé
Boutoumbélé boutoumbélé
Boutoumbélé boutoumbélé
Boutoumbélé boutoumbélé
Boutoumbélé o ma mi se ra
O Ma mycasse boutoumbélé
O ma mi se ra
O Ma mycasse boutoumbélé"

Source:http://www.mamalisa.com/?t=es&p=3134:
-snip-
mamalisa.com gives the language used in this song as "Balanta". I believe that that information is incorrect in part because "Balanta" is a language from the West African nation of Guinea-Bissau and the music group Touré Kunda is from Senegal, West Africa.

Also, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tour%C3%A9_Kunda indicates that "The group [Touré Kunda] sings in Soninké, Wolof, Fula, Mandingo, Diola, and Portuguese creole, reflecting the multilingual mixture of the people of Casamance."...
-snip-
In addition, the summary for "Fatou Yo" that is given above indicates that it is sung in Mandingo (i.e. Mandinka). I think that is the correct information.

These same non-English lyrics are found as subtitles in this YouTube sound file: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-eEzPu6M-U.

Here's the English translation for "Fatou Yo" from that mamalisa.com website:

"I am Fatou, pretty Fatou,
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou,
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou,
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou.

Fatou oh, oh Fatou,
Like all the children of the world
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou.
Fatou oh, oh Fatou,
Like all the children of the world
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou.

I am happy and will surely grow up
I am happy and will surely grow up
I am happy and will surely grow up
I am happy and will surely grow up
I will grow up like everybody else
Like the little elephants and the little giraffes
Like everybody else
Like the little elephants and the little giraffes."

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

What Do The Akan Names "Takyi" and "Takyiwaa" Mean?

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post documents some information that is found online about the Akan personal (given) name and surname "Takyi" This post also seeks information about the pronunciation and meaning of that name and its female (personal name) form "Takviwaa" and similar variants.

The content of this post is presented for etymological, historical, and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.

****
PANCOCOJAMS EDITOR'S NOTE
While searching the internet for Caribbean variant forms of Akan day names during the 18th and 19th century, I came across information about two Caribbean slave uprisings led by men with the name "Tayki":
the rebellion in Antigua by Kwaku Takyi aka Prince Klass or King Court which occurred in Antigua in 1736 and "Tacky's War", or "Tacky's Rebellion" that occurred in Jamaica from May to July 1760.

After happening upon those articles, I continued my research into the origin and meaning/s of the Akan name "Takyi".

This post is a result of that research.

DISCLAIMER:
I'm an African American who is interested in name origins and meanings and who is also interested in aspects of African & African Diaspora cultures. I'm not an expert on any of these subjects. I very much recognize that this post could be written better by a person who is Akan or is from Ghana or the Ivory Coast. However, it's my hope that this post will result in someone (or a number of people) who is of that ethnicity, or who is from those countries sharing etymological information about these names for people (like me) who are interested in that etymology for whatever reason/s.

Please correct and add information to this post about the names "Takyi" and "Takyiwaa" and please include information about how these names & the name "Techiman" are pronounced. Thank you.

****
THE NAME "TACKY" AND "TAKYI" IN CARIBBEAN HISTORY OF BLACK SLAVE UPRISINGS
1. From https://www.facebook.com/TostemAntiguaEmancipationStories/posts/180487455731747:0 Tostem Antigua: "Emancipation Stories", October 20, 2016 ·
KWAKU TAKYI aka Prince Klass or King Court
Antigua’s African Anti-Slavery Hero
Written by Edith Oladele,
Antigua National Coordinator, TOSTEM “Emancipations Stories” Project.

"All these names are used to refer to Antigua’s only African born national hero however most Antiguans know very little about him and the other slaves who were executed with him or exiled between October and March of 1736/37. It is hoped that this article will pique the inquiring minds among us.

On the 260th anniversary of his execution on October 20th 1736, it is fitting to remember him and the 87 other slave men of worth in their different villages and estate communities all across the island on this day October 20th 2016.

Prince Klass and his fellow freedom thinkers were executed as suspects in the plot to gain their freedom and set up an Akan based African nation independent of the English and ruled by Klass their leader. Records of that horrific period are chronicled in Dr. Barry Gaspar’s book “Bondmen and Rebels”, a difficult but fascinating book which every Antiguan should read and which should be required reading in all the schools. It is an integral part of our African Slavery history and no doubt influenced Sir Vere C. Bird who had the same idea when he formed the union in the late 1930s."...
-snip-
Note that the name "Kwaku" is an Akan male day name that means "male born on Wednesday" [from various online sources and African books on names]

**
2. From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tacky%27s_War
"Tacky's War, or Tacky's Rebellion, was an uprising of Akan (then referred to as Coromantee) slaves that occurred in Jamaica from May to July 1760. It was the most significant slave rebellion in the Caribbean between the 1733 slave insurrection on St. John and the 1791 Haitian Revolution. According to Professor Trevor Burnard: "In terms of its shock to the imperial system, only the American Revolution surpassed Tacky's War in the eighteenth century

Planning and early life
The leader of the rebellion, Tacky (Akan spelling: Takyi), was originally from the Fante ethnic group in West Africa and had been a paramount chief in Fante land (in the Central region of present-day Ghana) before being enslaved. He, along with the Asante Queen Nanny or Nana, both planned to take over Jamaica from the British to be a separate Black country, but for themselves and not as allies.[1]"...
-snip-
*Given what I've read so far about the name "Takyi" I wonder if the editor of this article incorrectly indicated that "Tayki" is a Fante (Akan) name instead of a Brong (Bono) [Akan] name.

****
GENERAL STATEMENTS ABOUT THE NAMES "TAKYI" AND "TAKYIWAA"
As a result of my internet search, I'm very confident that:
1. The names of the leaders of the "Tacky" and originated from the Akan name "Takyi".
Read the passages that are quoted above.

**
2. "Takyi" is a given name for males and "Takyiwaa" is a given name for females which originated among the Brong (Bono) branch of the Akan people of Ghana, West Africa.

Here are some websites that document this (given in no particular order):
a https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Writing_Adolescent_Fiction/Character_names/Ghanaian "Writing Adolescent Fiction/Character names/Ghanaian"
"Takyi" is listed among the Ghanaian given (personal) names for boys. However, the name "Takyiwaa" or variants of that name aren't listed among the given (personal) names for girls.

**
b. Regarding "Takyiwaa" being a female given name, note these websites
1. http://www.sussex.ac.uk/broadcast/read/31086
[Pancocojams Editor: This post about a Ghanaian female includes a photograph.]
“Broadcast: News items
Takyiwaa Manuh
Professor Takyiwaa Manuh
Takyiwaa Manuh is the Director of the Social Development Policy Division at the UN Economic Commission for Africa.

Takyiwaa was Professor of African Studies at the University of Ghana between 2006 and 2011, and was the university’s Director of the Institute of African Studies between 2002 and 2009. Her research interests are in African development, women’s rights and empowerment, contemporary African migrations, and African higher-education systems.

Born in Kumasi, Ghana, she was educated at the Wesley Girls’ High School, Cape Coast; the University of Ghana; the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; and Indiana University in the US. She has also practiced as a lawyer and is active in the women’s movement in Ghana."...
-snip-
There are a number of other references to Takyiwaa Manuh online.

**
c. information/examples given on http://www.namespedia.com/details/Takyiwaa

**
d. [statements from] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akan_names.
“The variants mostly consist of different affixes (in Ashanti, kwa- or ko- for men and a- plus -a or -wa for women).
-snip-
Note that this is from that page's section on Akan day names. However, that doesn't mean that the names "Takyi" and "Takyiwaa" are day names.

and [from that same page]

"In the olden days of Ashanti it was a disgrace if an Ashanti man was not able to name any Ashanti child after his Ashanti father and/or Ashanti mother because that was the pride of every Ashanti household.*[3][4] Most of the ethnic-Ashanti family name (surname) given to boys could also be given to girls just by adding the letters "aa".[3][4] Some Ashanti family names (surnames) can be given to both boys and girls without changing or adding anything.[3][4] However, there are other ethnic-Ashanti family name (surnames) that are exclusively Ashanti boys names while others are exclusively ethnic-Ashanti girls family names (surnames)
-snip-
I added italics to highlight those sentences.
*I think the referent "Ashanti" in that page probably (incorrectly) means "Akan". "Ashanti" is an old referent for "Asante" people and "Asantes" are only one branch of the Akan people. Also, the Brong (Bono) [Akan] people and the Asante [Akan] people have a long and some would say still quite contentious history.
Among the websites that document and/or comment about Asante/Brong history is https://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/9684/Kwame%20Arhin%20A%20profile%20of%20Brong%20Kyempim.pdf?sequence=1 "Essays On The Society, History And Politics Of The Brong People, by Kwame Arhin, Senior Research Fellow, Institute o f African Studies, University o f
Ghana, Legon

and

https://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/features/Tano-Subin-The-Brong-Ashanti-Divide-179521 "Feature Article of Thursday, 1 April 2010 Columnist: Akumfi-Ameyaw, AbubakarTano-Subin: The Brong-Ashanti Divide« (Part 1) [92 comments]
-snip-
This historical account is written from the point of view of a Brong (Bono) man and was vigorously countered by some commenters who (I gather) either were Asantes or weren't Brong.

**
3. "Takyi" and "Takyiwaa" are Akan surnames (family name; last names) that is still being used.
Here are some websites that document this (given in no particular order):
a)http://www.namespedia.com/details/Takyiwaa

Excerpt from that website:
Usage: 3% firstname, 97% surname.
Takyiwaa first name was found 1 times in 1 different countries. (UK)*
Surname Takyiwaa is used at least 26 times in at least 4 countries

Surnames
Christiana Takyiwaa (2)
Ama Takyiwaa (2)
Joyce Takyiwaa (1)
Gladys Takyiwaa (1)
Akosua Takyiwaa (1)
Olivia Takyiwaa (1)
Florence Takyiwaa (1)
Stella Takyiwaa (1)
Comfort Takyiwaa (1)
Agnes Takyiwaa (1)
Afua Takyiwaa (1)
Amma Takyiwaa (1)
Christina Takyiwaa (1)
Abena Takyiwaa (1)
Elise Takyiwaa (1)
-snip-
* This website didn't provide the "one" example that it found of "Takyiwaa" being used in the United Kingdom. Of course, it's highly likely that there are more than one "Takyiwaa" in the UK, and certainly there are other females with that given name in Ghana, The Ivory Coast, and elsewhere.

Note that three of these women listed have Akan day names: "Akosua", "Afua", and "Abena".

**
b) http://forebears.io/surnames/takyiwaa
TAKYIWAA SURNAME

[Pancocojams Editor: This first portion is a reformatted excerpt of the nations that were listed on that website]
Country: Ghana
Incidence: 1,118
Frequency: 1: 24,189
Rank in Nation: 2,782

**
Country: United States
Incidence: 7
Frequency: 1: 45,752,882
Rank in Nation: 954,845

**
Country: England
Incidence: 2
Frequency: 1: 27,000,000
Rank in Nation: 201,317

[...]

Surname:
Takyiwaah
Takyiwa
Takyiwah
Takiwa
Takyaa
Takaiwa
Takayia
Takhyia
Takiwai
Takyaya"

****
c) Google search resulted in a number of people on Facebook and other internet social media with the surname "Takyi", including this example from
https://digitalcommons.andrews.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2825&context=dissertations 2015 [Dissertation]
"A Comparative Study of the Concept of Atonement in the Aboakyer Festival of the Effutu
Tribe in Ghana and the Yom Kippur Festival of the Old Testament: Implications for Adventist Mission
Among the Effutu" by mmanuel H. Takyi
Andrews University"...

and this example from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vf2wWRc9_Wo Obibini Takyi Akosombo Nkania - Ghana Highlife [a sound file of Ghanaian Highlife music performed by Obibini Takyi]

**
Also, the name "Tayki" is listed as an "Ethnic-Ashanti* family names (surnames) on this Wikipedia page https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akan_names
-snip-
*Read the comment that I wrote above in which I maintain that the Wikipedia editors are misapplied the referent "Ashanti" instead of the correct referent "Akan".

****
4. The current city "Techiman"'s name came from "Takyiman"
Among the numerous online references to "Takyiman" is this one:
From https://sites.google.com/site/ghanaplacenames/places-in-perspective/eponyms
"Eponyms
An eponym is the name of a person or group of persons after or for whom a place is named. In Ghana some place names are formed from eponyms, e.g. Christiansborg, Kwesikrom, and some just use the eponyms themselves, e.g. Kofi Pari, Kwame Danso.

[...]

Techiman is the district capital of Techiman Municipal District in Brong Ahafo. It was founded by Nana (Chief) Takyi Firi after the first capital of the Brong state, Bono Manso, was destroyed by the Ashantis in a war in 1723. The town's name is thus a contraction ot 'Takyi' and 'oman', meaning Takyi's town/state.
Source: O.Brempong, "Twi Etymology: A Study in Ethno-Linguistics", Inst.of Afr. Studies Res. Rev. NS vol.7 nos. 1 & 2 1991"

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5. An example of the name "Takyi" in an Akan proverb
From http://www.adinkrasymbols.org/the-50-most-important-akan-proverbs/ The 50 Most Important Akan Proverbs; Akan or Twi proverbs are more than wise sayings.
"They have a wide range of uses and show, principally, that the user is wise and well-educated in the customs of the Akan people. The ability to use language enriched by proverbs is considered sage and is the hallmark of great public speaking.

I present fifty important Akan proverbs. I have adjudged them important for being popular, versatile, and particularly demonstrative of Akan philosophy and thought. As this is just my opinion, it is completely fair for others to compile a different list.

Also, the meanings and remarks are from my own learning and experience so the scope of some of the discussions is limited to a few use cases.

Each proverb appears under a heading. Unfortunately, it appears better to make the anglicised spellings of the proverbs rather than the correct Twi spellings the headings. This is because most people are unwilling or unable to type the letters er and or with their keyboards when searching for Akan proverbs on the web.

Below are the fifty sayings with their literal meanings and some remarks in English.

[...]

37. Abaa a yede bo Takyi no yede bebo Baa

Literally: The stick that is used to hit Takyi is also used to hit Baa."
-snip-
Here's an excerpt from https://www.nsromamedia.com/photos-takyimanhene-asantehemaas-funeral-easing-asanteman-takyiman-tension/ PHOTOS: Takyimanhene at Asantehemaa’s Funeral. Easing Asanteman-Takyiman Tension?
...."Baafuɔ Pim had betrayed Nana Takyimanhene by stealing gold he had been given to take to the Asantehene, and then filling the pot with dust. This action infuriated Opoku Ware Katakyie who then dealt a massive defeat to the Bono Kingdom of Takyiman. Nearly all his lands and property were taken by Asantehene."
-snip-

Is "Baa" a clip of Baafuo and "Takyi" a clip of Takyimanhene? (the paramount chief of the Takyiman people)? And does this proverb mean "If you try to hurt your adversary, you’ll end up hurting yourself"?

****
WHAT DOES THE NAMES "TAKYI" AND "TAKYIWAA" MEAN?
1. From my online reading, it appears that "Takyi"/"Takyiwaa" aren't Akan day names, birth order names, or names associated with the birth of twins

Note: Those names aren't listed in any website about Akan day names, birth order names etc. such as https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akan_names.

I wonder if the name "Takyi" was created by combining the Akan elements "Ta" + "kyi". If so, does the "ta" in "Takyi" have anything to do with the Brong (Akan) deity Tano and other deities whose names (or titles?) begin with "Ta" or "Taa" as quoted in this pancocojams post: http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2017/04/excerpts-from-rattrays-1922-book.html Excerpts From R. S. Rattray's 1922 Book "Ashanti" & Other Quotes About Traditional Ghanaian (Asante) Religion

Here's an excerpt from that post:
quoting part of page 206 from Rattray's 1922 book Ashanti:
..."I have water, I have water,
I come from the Tano river.
Little spirits from Lake Bosomtwe, I have water,
Otwedodo, son of Botsomtwe, I have water,
I come from the Tano river.
I am he who was created son of God.

Besides Konkroma, the chief of the gods at Ejura, the following gods were attending the ceremony. All were 'sons' of the great Tano already described:
Ta Kwame
Ta Konkroma Kuma
Ta Asubonten (a son of the Asubonten whose rites have already been described).
Ta Konkroma Kuma II.
Ta Kojo
Ta Bonia
Ta Kwesi.
Ta Amoa"."

**
Also, if the name "Takyi" was created by combining the Akan elements "Ta" and "kyi", what does "kyi" mean in Akan?

This website http://www.odwirafo.com/MMARA-NE-KYI_Divine_Law-Love_and_Divine_Hate.pdf indicates that "kyi" means "to hate", but it appears to be written by a person from the African Diaspora and not someone who has (known) Akan ancestry. I'm interested in "hearing" from someone who is Akan aobut this definition:
Excerpt: page 11:
"In Twi, kyi also has the definition: to press, squeeze, wring or crush out. [It is important to note that while kyi in Twi is a verb: ‘to hate; to abhor’, some have popularized the term okyi as a noun version of the word meaning: hatred, abhorrence.]"
-end of quote-
"Twi" = Akan

Also, that writer indicates that in Twi (Akan) "kyi" is pronounced like the English sound "chee" and not like the English word "key". Is that correct?

****
HOW ARE THE NAMES "TAKYI" AND "TAKYIWAA" PRONOUNCED, AND HOW IS THE PLACE NAME "TECHIMAN" PRONOUNCED?
This website provides three sound files that purport to be how "Takyri" is pronounced:https://www.howtopronounce.com/takyri/.

Two of those examples sound like "tah-ker-ree" and one sounds like tay-ker-ree.

Here's a YouTube sound file of the name "Takyi":

How to pronounce Takyi (Germany/German) - PronounceNames.com



Pronounce Names, Published on Feb 22, 2016
-snip-
That sound file sounds to me like "TAH-key".

Note that that example is from Germany, which probably mean that it is a name that was given to people of (at least some) Akan ancestry who live in Germany.

I've not found any sound files/videos that pronounce the name "Takyiwaa".

****
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Visitor comments are welcome.

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Kool & The Gang - Celebration (information, lyrics & video)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post presents information about the Funk & R&B group Kool & The Gang and showcases their 1980 mega hit "Celebration".

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Kool & The Gang for their musical legacy and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to the publisher of this video on YouTube.
-snip-
This post is dedicated to United States Senator Elect Doug Jones and all those who worked to make his victory a reality, with particular thanks to the Black people of the state of Alabama whose massive voting helped ensure that election win.

Read the excerpt & selected comments about that United States Senatorial election in the comment section below.

Celebrate Alabama! You deserve it and lots of folks throughout the United States thank you.

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO: Kool & The Gang - Celebration




KoolAndTheGangVEVO, Published on Oct 5, 2009

Music video by Kool & The Gang performing Celebration. (C) 1980 The Island Def Jam Music Group
-snip-
Statistics as of December 12, 2017 11:43 PM EST:
total number of hits 107,888,763 views
total likes 412,000
total dislikes: 13,000

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INFORMATION ABOUT KOOL & THE GANG
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kool_%26_the_Gang
"Kool & the Gang is an American funk and rhythm and blues band that was popular in the 1970s and 1980s.

Music career
Early years
In 1964, thirteen-year-old Robert Bell, his brother Ronald, and five high-school friends in Jersey City, New Jersey, formed an instrumental band called the Jazziacs.[1] They changed their name to Kool & the Flames in 1967, then Kool & the Gang in 1969 (to avoid confusion with James Brown's Famous Flames) and were signed by Gene Redd to his new record label De-Lite Records in 1969.[2]

The band consisted of Robert "Kool" Bell (bass), Ronald Bell (keyboards), Robert Mickens (trumpet), Dennis Thomas (saxophone), Ricky West, George Brown (drums), and Charles Smith (guitar).[3]

The Bell brothers' father Bobby and uncle Tommy were boxers. They moved to New York to train and lived in the same apartment building as Thelonious Monk, who became Robert's godfather when he was born. Miles Davis would drop by because he wanted to be a boxer.[4] They played occasionally with McCoy Tyner, Pharoah Sanders, and Leon Thomas.[5]

Success in the 1970s and 1980s
The band's debut album, Kool and the Gang (1969), produced three hit singles on the pop and R&B charts of Billboard magazine. Wild and Peaceful (1973) gave the band three more hits: "Funky Stuff" in the Top 40 pop chart and "Jungle Boogie" and "Hollywood Swinging" in the Top 10.[6] The latter two songs sold over one million copies and were certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[7] The band remained productive, with albums coming out in 1974 (Light of Worlds) and 1975 (Spirit of the Boogie).

In 1979, James "J.T." Taylor joined as lead singer. Kool and the Gang starting working with Brazilian fusion musician Eumir Deodato as producer, and they moved away from funk and closer to rhythm & blues and pop music. The songs "Ladies' Night" and "Too Hot" were hits[8] and the album was certified platinum by the RIAA.[6] Even more successful was the album Celebrate! (1980), also produced by Deodato, also certified platinum, giving Kool and the Gang its first number one hit ("Celebration"), which Robert Bell called "an international anthem".[8]

More international hits followed in the early 1980s, including "Big Fun", "Get Down on It", and "Joanna". The album Emergency (1984) yielded four Top 20 pop hits, including "Fresh" and "Cherish"."...


****
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SONG "CELEBRATION"
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celebration_(Kool_%26_the_Gang_song)
""Celebration" is a song released in 1980 by Kool & the Gang from their album Celebrate!.

[...]

Commercial performance
"Celebration" reached No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart on February 7, 1981, and held that position for two weeks before being ousted by Dolly Parton's "9 to 5".[4] It remains the band's only No. 1 hit.
By late 1980, the song had also reached No. 1 on both the Billboard Dance and R&B charts. The song was featured heavily on the radio throughout the year and is still heard today at weddings and parties,[4] and is a popular anthem for sporting events. It was also an international hit, reaching No. 7 in the United Kingdom on November 29, 1980, spending 13 weeks in the chart.

[...]

Songwriter(s)
Ronald Nathan Bell
Claydes Charles Smith
George Melvin Brown James
"J.T." Taylor
Robert Spike Mickens
Earl Eugene Toon Jr.
Dennis Ronald Thomas
Robert Earl Bell
Eumir Deodato


****
LYRICS: CELEBRATION
(as performed by Kool & The Gang)

[Intro]
(This is your celebration)
(This is your celebration)
Celebrate good times, come on (Let's celebrate)
Celebrate good times, come on (Let's celebrate)

[Verse 1]
There's a party goin' on right here
A celebration to last throughout the years
So bring your good times and your laughter too
We gonna celebrate your party with you
Come on now

[Hook]
(Celebration) Let's all celebrate and have a good time
(Celebration) We gon' celebrate and have a good time

[Bridge 1]
It's time to come together
It's up to you, what's your pleasure?
(Everyone around the world come on)

[Pre-Hook]
(Yahoo) It's a celebration
(Yahoo)

[Hook]
Celebrate good times, come on (It's a celebration)
Celebrate good times, come on (Let's celebrate)

[Verse 2]
There's a party goin' on right here
A dedication to last throughout the years
So bring your good times and your laughter too
We gonna celebrate your party with you
Come on now

[Hook]
(Celebration) Let's all celebrate and have a good time
(Celebration) We gon' celebrate and have a good time

[Bridge 1]

[Pre-Hook]
(Yahoo) It's a celebration
(Yahoo) It's a celebration

[Hook]
Celebrate good times, come on (Let's celebrate, come on now)
Celebrate good times, come on (Let's celebrate)

[Bridge 2]
We're gonna have a good time tonight
Let's celebrate, it's all right
We're gonna have a good time tonight
Let's celebrate, it's all right, baby
We're gonna have a good time tonight (Celebration)
Let's celebrate, it's all right
We're gonna have a good time tonight (Celebration)
Let's celebrate, it's all right

[Pre-Hook]
(Yahoo)
(Yahoo)

[Hook]
Celebrate good times, come on (Let's celebrate)
Celebrate good times, come on (It's a celebration)
Celebrate good times, come on (Let's celebrate)
Celebrate good times, come on (Come on and celebrate tonight)
(Baby everything's gonna be alright, let's celebrate)
Celebrate good times, come on
Celebrate good times, come on (Let's have a great time, celebrate)
Celebrate good times, come on

Source: https://genius.com/Kool-and-the-gang-celebration-lyrics

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