Translate

Saturday, May 19, 2018

Bishop Michael Curry's Wedding Sermon During Prince Harry & Meghan Markle's Wedding Ceremony (full transcript & video)

Edited by Azizi Powell

[Updated May 19, 2018 10:42 PM]

This pancocojams post presents information about Bishop Michael Curry and showcases a transcript and video of Bishop Michael Curry's wedding sermon during Prince Harry & Meghan Markle's wedding ceremony.

A video of the African American Spiritual "Balm In Gilead" which was mentioned in Bishop Curry's sermon is presented in the Addendum of this post.

The content of this post is presented for historical and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Bishop Curry for his sermon, Congratulations and best wishes to Prince Harry & Megan (The Duke & Duchess of Sussex). Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to the publishers of these videos on YouTube.

****
INFORMATION ABOUT BISHOP MICHAEL CURRY
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Curry_(bishop)
Michael Bruce Curry (born March 13, 1953) is the 27th and current presiding bishop and primate of the Episcopal Church. Elected in 2015, he is the first African American to serve in that capacity. He was previously bishop of the Diocese of North Carolina.

Early life and education
Curry noted in his autobiography that both sides of his family were descended from slaves and sharecroppers in North Carolina and Alabama.[2] He was born in Chicago and attended public schools in Buffalo, New York.[3] He graduated with high honors from Hobart College in Geneva, New York, in 1975. He then earned a Master of Divinity degree, in 1978, from the Yale Divinity School. Curry has also studied at The College of Preachers, Princeton Theological Seminary, Wake Forest University, the Ecumenical Institute at St. Mary's Seminary in Baltimore, and the Institute of Christian Jewish Studies.

[...]

Ministry as diocesan bishop

Curry was elected eleventh bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina on February 11, 2000, and consecrated bishop on June 17, 2000, at Duke Chapel on the campus of Duke University in Durham.[6] The consecrators were Robert Hodges Johnson, J. Gary Gloster, and Barbara C. Harris.

As a diocesan bishop, he served on the board of directors of the Alliance for Christian Media[5] and chaired the board of Episcopal Relief and Development.[7] He also had a national preaching and teaching ministry and was a frequent speaker at services of worship and conferences around the country.

Throughout his ministry in North Carolina, Curry was also active in issues of social justice, speaking out on immigration policy and marriage equality. Curry also instituted a network of canons, deacons, and youth ministry professionals to support preexisting ministries in local congregations. Curry also led the Diocese of North Carolina to focus on the Millennium Development Goals through a $400,000 campaign to buy malaria nets that saved over 100,000 lives.[8]

Ministry as presiding bishop
On May 1, 2015, the joint nominating committee for the election of the presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church nominated Curry and three other bishops as candidates for 27th presiding bishop and primate of the Episcopal Church.[9] The election occurred on June 27, 2015, at the 78th General Convention meeting in Salt Lake City.[10] Curry was elected by the House of Bishops meeting in St. Mark's Cathedral on the first ballot with 121 of 174 votes cast. Laity and clergy in the House of Deputies ratified Curry's election later the same day.[11] Curry was installed as presiding bishop and primate on November 1, 2015, All Saints' Day, during a Eucharist at Washington National Cathedral.[12] The service included readings in Spanish and Native American languages.[13][14]"...

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO: There is power in love”: Bishop Michael Curry’s fiery royal wedding address



CBS This Morning, Published on May 19, 2018

The Right Rev. Michael Curry gave an impassioned homily, quoting Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., invoking the power of love and its symbol as the fire that energizes life

****
FULL TRANSCRIPT OF BISHOP MICHAEL CURRY'S WEDDING SERMON
“And now in the name of our loving liberating and life giving god, father, son, and holy spirit, amen. From the song of Solomon in the bible, set me as a seal upon your heart, as a seal upon your arm, for love is as strong as death, passion, fears as the its flashes are flashes of fire, a raging flame. Many waters cannot quench love, neither can floods. Drown it out.

The late Dr. Martin Luther king once said and I quote, ‘We must discover the power of love, the redemptive power of love, and when we do that, we will make of this old world a new world.’

Love is the only way. There's power in love. Don't underestimate it. Don't even over sentimentalize it. There's power, power in love. If you don't believe me, think about a time when you first fell in love. The whole world seemed to center around you and your beloved. Well, there's power, power in love, not just in its romantic forms, but any form, any shape of love.

There's a certain sense in which when you are loved and you know it, when someone cares for you and you know it, when you love and you show it, it actually feels right. There's something right about it. And there's a reason for it. The reason has to do with the source. We were made by a power of love and our lives were meant and are meant to be lived in that love. That's why we are here. Ultimately the source of love is god himself. The source of all of our lives.

There's an old medieval poem that says, where true love is found, god himself is there. The new testament says it this way, beloved, let us love one another because love is of god and those who love are born of god and know god, those who do not love do not know god, why? For god is love. There's power in love. There's power in love to help and heal when nothing else can. There's power in love, to lift up and liberate when nothing else will. There's power in love to show us the way to live. Set me as a seal on your heart. A seal on your arm. For love, it is strong.

But love is not only about a young couple. Now the power of love is demonstrated by the fact that we're all here. Two young people fell in love and we all showed up. But it's not just for and about a young couple who we rejoice with. It's more than that. Jesus of Nazareth on one occasion was asked by a lawyer the sum of the essence of the teachings of Moses and he went back and reached back into the Hebrew scriptures and Jesus said, ‘you shall love the lord, your god, with all your heart, all your soul, all your mind and all your strength. This is the first and great commandment.’

And the second is like it. Love your neighbor as yourself. And then in Matthews' version, he added, he said on these two, love of god and love of neighbor, hang all the law, all the prophets, everything that Moses wrote, everything in the holy prophets, everything in the scriptures, everything that god has been trying to tell the world, love god. Love your neighbors. And while you're at it, love yourself.

Someone once said that Jesus began most revolutionary movement in all of human history, a movement grounded in the unconditional love of god for the world. And a movement mandating people to live that love. And in so doing, to change not only their lives but the very life of the world itself. I'm talking about some power, real power, power to change the world.

If you don't believe me, well, there were some old slaves in America's antebellum south who explained the dynamic power of love and why it has the power, they explained it this way, they sang a spiritual, even in the midst of their captivity, something that can make things right, to make the wounded whole.

“There is a balm in Gilead to heal the soul. They said if you cannot preach like Peter and you cannot pray like Paul, you just tell the love of Jesus how he died to save us all. Oh, that's the balm in Gilead.”

He didn't die for anything he could get out of it. Jesus did not get an honorary doctorate for dying. He didn't—he wasn't getting anything out of it. He gave up his life. He sacrificed his life for the good of others, for the good of the other, for the well-being of the world, for us.

That's what love is. Love is not selfish and self-centered. Love can be sacrificial, and in so doing, becomes redemptive. And that way of unselfish sacrificial redemptive love, changes lives and it can change this world.

If you don't believe me, just stop and think and imagine, think and imagine, well, think and imagine a world where love is the way. Imagine our homes and families when love is the way. Imagine neighborhoods and communities where love is the way. Imagine governments and nations where love is the way. Imagine business and commerce when love is the way. Imagine this tired old world when love is the way.

When love is the way, unselfish, sacrificial, redemptive, when love is the way, then no child will go to bed hungry in this world ever again. When love is the way, we will let justice roll down like a mighty stream and righteousness like an ever-flowing brook. When love is the way, poverty will become history. When love is the way, the Earth will be a sanctuary. When love is the way, we will lay down our swords and shields, down by the riverside, to study war no more. When love is the way, there's plenty good room, plenty good room, for all of god's children because when love is the way, we actually treat each other well, like we are actually family. When love is the way, we know that god is the source of us all and we are brothers and sisters, children of god. My brothers and sisters, that's a new heaven, a new Earth, a new world, a new human family.

And let me tell you something, old Solomon was right in the Old Testament, there's fire. With this I will sit down. We got to get you all married. The French Jesuit was one of the great minds and spirits of the 20th century, a Roman Catholic priest, scientist, a scholar, a mystic, in some of his writings he said from his scientific background as well as his theological one, some of his writings, he said, as others have, that the discovery or invention or harnessing of fire was one of the great, one of the great scientific and technological discoveries in all of human history.

Fire, to a great extent, made human civilization possible. Fire, made it possible to cook food and to provide sanitary ways of eating, which reduced the spread of disease in its time. Fire made it possible to heat warm environments and thereby made human migration around the world a possibility, even into colder climates. Fire made it possible—there is no—there was no Bronze Age without fire. No Iron Age without fire. No Industrial Revolution without fire. The advances of science and technology are greatly dependent on the human ability and capacity to take fire and use it for human good.

Anybody get here in a car today? An automobile? Nod your heads if you did. I'm guessing—I know there were some carriages. But those of us who came in cars, fire, the controlled harnessed fire, made that possible. Now that the Bible says and I believe that Jesus walked on the water, but I have to tell you, I didn't walk across the Atlantic Ocean to get here. Controlled fire in that plane got me here. Fire makes it possible for us to text and tweet and e-mail and Instagram and Facebook and socially be dysfunctional with each other. Fire makes all of that possible.

And he said, fire was one of the greatest discoveries in all of human history. He then went on to say, if humanity ever harnesses the energy of fire again, if humanity ever captures the energy of love, it will be the second time in history that we have discovered fire.

Dr. King was right. We must discover love. The redemptive power of love and when we do that, we will make of this old world a new world. My brother, my sister, god love you, god bless you, and my god hold us all in those all mighty hands of love.”

Source: https://www.townandcountrymag.com/society/tradition/a20754692/royal-wedding-sermon-michael-curry-full-transcript/ Read the Full Transcript of Bishop Michael Curry's Wedding Sermon
The American bishop delivered a powerful meditation on love.

by ELIZABETH ANGELL, MAY 19, 2018

****
ADDENDUM: There is a balm in Gilead'.



Ronald Ellis, Published on Aug 23, 2012

'There is a balm in Gilead',
sung unaccompanied by The Adventist Vocal Ensemble.

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

Friday, May 18, 2018

Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Inc. - No Doubt About It We’re Deltas ( a historically Black Greek letter sorority strolling song that includes Black consciousness movement lyrics & the Black power salute)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post showcases a video of and lyrics for a Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. strolling song which includes a reference to the Black consciousness movement.

Information about historically Black Greek letter organization "steppin"[g] and "strolling" is also included in the Addendum to this post.

The content of this post is presented for historical and folkloric purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to the composer/s of this song and thanks to all those who are featured in this video. Thanks also to the publisher of this video on YouTube.
-snip-
If you know this chant or a similar chant please share that information in the comment section below.

Also, I'm interested in identifying other Black Greek letter organization (BGLO) songs or chants that include Black consciousness movement lyrics and/or gestures. For the historical record, if you know of any examples, please add them along with lyrics and demographic information (organization, year the song/chant was performed and where-city/state) in the comment section below. Thanks!

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO: Morgan State University Graduation 2014 - Delta Sigma Theta



Michael Parker, Published on Jul 28, 2014
-snip-
The strolling song "No Doubt About It We’re Deltas" can be found at 4:00-5:32 in this video.
-snip-
Also, click 1:19 to 3:46 of this video for an example of "Wadin In The Water For DST", an adapted Spiritual sung as a strolling song. My attempt of transcribing that song can be found in this pancocojams post: http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/05/historically-black-fraternities.html Historically Black Fraternities & Sororities Steppin And Strolling Songs & Chants Whose Tunes And Lyrics Come From African American Spirituals

****
LYRICS- NO DOUBT ABOUT IT WE'RE DELTAS *
No doubt about it- we’re deltas
Sorors
No doubt about it- we’re deltas
Sorors

We got class
[hums do do do dodo - [gestures signifying proper and demure female etiquette] place their right hand on their left elbow, hold their the finger next to their thumb from their right hand in the air and then place that same finger to the side of their chin

We got soul
[hums] do do do dodo[group does the same rhythmic side to side dance step]

We’re so black
[hums] do do do dodo [group raises their left arm in Black power hand salute and bobs it in time to the rhythm]

and we’re mellow from our head to our soles
[hums] do do do dodo [group lower raised arm palm up down near the end of your body]

No doubt about it- we’re deltas
Sorors
{Wooo!)
No doubt about it- we’re deltas
Sorors
{Wooo!)

[repeat entire song]
-snip-
*This is my attempted transcription of this song from this video. Additions and corrections are welcome.

****
ADDENDUM: INFORMATION ABOUT HISTORICALLY BLACK GREEK LETTER ORGANIZATIONS STEPPIN AND STROLLING
Excerpt #1:
Pancocojams Editor's Note: Most of this excerpt is found in this 2013 pancocojams post entitled "An Overview Of Black Greek Letter Organization Steppin & Step Cheers" http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/05/an-overview-of-black-greek-letter.html

"Steppin (Stepping) is a syncopated, choreographed performance art that occurs at competitive "step shows" and other venues. The performance art of steppin originated among historically Black (African American) university based Greek lettered fraternities & sororities.

[...]

I've seen the 1940s given as the date that historically Black Greek lettered organizations began steppin'. I'm willing to accept that 1940s date as long as it's understood that the beginning of what steppin has become didn't look like steppin now.

in her book Soul Stepping Elizabeth Fine quotes a 1924 Howard University student newspaper The Hilltop article entitled "Hell-Week" in which members of Omega Psi Phi and Kappa Alpha Psi fraternites are described as pledges "dancing about the campus..." (p.15).

However that dancing or that marching on campus that is also documented didn't look the same as the Black Greek letted organizations' steppin' styles that developed in the 1980s and 1990s. Elizabeth Fine also wrote that "The shift from the old-style circular stepping of the 1940s and 1950s to the increasingly complex synchronized movement style of the 1980s and 1990s attests to the new role stepping has in asserting black cultural identity" (p. 6).

Since at least the 1990s among historically Black Greek lettered organizations (BGLO), the performance art of strolls (party walks) has been added to most step routines, particularly at the end of those routines. "Strolls" (party walks) are done in a vertical line to recorded music, usually from the R&B/Hip-Hop genres or group songs, often adapted from Spirituals or R&B songs. The terms "strolls" or "party walks" refer to the strutting, dancing walk that the organizations' members informally do at dances/parties. While steppin is almost always a competitive performance, fraternities against fraternities, and sororities against sororities, "strolls" can be either competitive within those gender groupings, or non-competitive."...
-snip-
Notice that BGLO originated "strolling" [and steppin] is a group activity. Another name for "strolling" is "party walks" as these strolls were seemingly spontaneously performed at parties (dance gatherings), usually to certain recorded R&B/Hip Hop music. Non-competitive BGLO strolls are also performed at any number of social events such as picnics and wedding receptions. "Stroll offs" are competitive events in which stroll teams from historically Black Greek letter fraternities compete against each other and stroll teams from historically Black Greek letter sororities compete against each other.

****
Excerpt #2:
Pancocojams Editor's note: In this 2015 pancocojams post http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2015/04/african-american-examples-of-walk_11.html "African American Examples Of Walk Arounds - Cakewalks And Other Non-Religious Examples", I maintain that historically Black Greek letter fraternity and sorority strolling should be considered as a contemporary example of a non-religious Black American "walk around" (circular dance movement) performance art tradition. Other historical and contemporary examples of walk arounds are "the cakewalk", "Chicago stepping" (dance), and "Detroit stepping" (ball room) dance. The "ring shout" is a historical example of a Black American religious walk around.

**
Excerpt #3:
[This is a comment that I added to another video of sorority strolling]
"Strolling" (also known as "stroll offs" and "party walks") are non-competitive and competitive group struts and dancing performances to recorded music. Strolling shares the same history and early sources as historically Black Greek letter[ed] fraternity and sorority stepping and is now performed by Latino Greek lettered organizations, multi-cultural Greek lettered organizations, and others. Like sorority and fraternity "stepping", "strolling" has undergone and is still undergoing considerable performance changes. Click http://www.greekster.tv/page/greek-strolling-history-and for another definition of "strolling" and comments about the history of strolling (stroll offs, party walks). Also click the "African American fraternity and sorority steppin and strolling tab below for more pancocojams posts that about strolling and more pancocojams post that feature examples of historic ally Black Greek lettered organization stroll offs.

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

Historically Black Fraternities & Sororities Steppin And Strolling Songs & Chants Whose Tunes And Lyrics Come From African American Spirituals

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post compiles text examples of BGLOs (historically Black Greek letter organizations) chants and songs that have African American Spirituals as the source of their tune and/or some of their lyrics.

A few examples of BGLO songs that have early Black Gospel songs as their source are also included in this post.

Many of these songs are sung during Probates: the formal introduction of new members (Neophytes) of the organization to the public.

Videos are included for a few of these examples.

The content of this post is presented for folkloric and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who have composed, contributed, and/or performed the examples that are featured in this post.

DISCLAIMER: This is not meant to be a comprehensive listing of all BGLO songs and chants that may have a Spiritual as a source of their tune or of some of their lyrics. These compilation only includes examples that are relatively "family friendly". With the exception of the word "damn", any profanity that is found in these examples is given with amended spelling. That amended spelling indicated by this symbol ^ after the amended word.

This pancocojams post was originally published in August 18, 2016 and was updated August 19, 2017

Your help is needed to identify more examples! Those examples and others that I identify will be added to this compilation. Additions to this post are noted by the revision date at the top of this page.

****
This is part of ongoing (informal) research to document and share examples of historically Black Greek letter organization songs and chants from specific sources. Other pancocojams posts in this series include Military Sources of Black fraternity & sorority songs and chants, "R&B" sources for Black fraternity & sorority songs and chants", and Advertisement Jingles sources for Black fraternity & sorority songs and chants. I'm also working on a post about comparing BGLO chants/songs with PWGO (predominately White Greek letter organization) chants and songs.

Previous pancocojams posts on some of those topics can be found by clicking the Black fraternity and sorority songs and chants tag.

****
PRESENTATION FORMAT
Examples of BGLO songs and chants are given in alphabetical order. Any titles that begin with numbers will be given under the first letter of that number.

The title of the fraternity or sorority song/chant name is given first and is followed in parenthesis by the name of the specific BGLO that this song/chant belongs to.

The title/s of that example's African American Spiritual source/s is given next.

Comments about that example may follow the listing of that example's Spiritual source song/s. Those comments may include information about other sources for that BGLO song/chant.

One text example of that BGLO song (from the same organization) is given next.* The source citation for that example is given along with that example.

Usually one video example of that BGLO song/chant (from the same organization) may be featured after the text version/s of that example. Notice that the video example may be from a different fraternity or sorority than the one whose text version is featured in this compilation.

Unless otherwise noted, I made these transcriptions of these songs from the videos that are embedded in this post. Additions and corrections are very welcome. transcriptions

*Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2015/03/examples-of-historically-black.html for the first page of pancocojams' compilation entitled "Examples of Black fraternity and sorority songs and chants". That page includes links for six other pages in that compilation. Multiple example of a specific chant may be found on that page.

****
PART I
A, B
ALPHA TRAIN (also known as "Traveling") - (Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.)
Spiritual source - African American Spirituals that refer to the Gospel train such as "Get On Board, Little Children" and I'm Going Home On The Morning Train".

R&B source : The Impressions, "Keep On Pushing", 1964
-snip-
ALPHA TRAIN (also known as "Traveling")
Alpha train is slowly coming
To keep on pushing,
If you hurry you might get on it;
Got to keep on pushing,
Got my ticket right in my hand;
Got to keep on pushing.
Soon we'll be in Alpha land;
Got to keep on pushing,
This train we're waiting for is black and gold.
We're in love with dear old Alpha
No time for looking back...
A Phi A
-Brian A. Jackson Alpha Phi Alpha collection, permission granted to post on Cocojams.com received on 3/20/2010
-snip-
Editor's Note: All of the examples from the Brian A. Jackson Alpha Phi Alpha collection are given as they were sent to me for posting on my no longer active cultural blog cocojams.com website.

I wonder if the word "to" in the second line is a typo for the word "so".

Brian A. Jackson sent these examples to cocojams.com of his own volition, without any prior request. My sincere thanks to him and to all others who sent in examples of fraternity/sorority songs and chants to cocojams.com.

Here's part of an email that I received from Brian A. Jackson in response to my question about the source of these Alpha chants: "Some of the 'older' ones probably did come from other sources. I know many of them came from old Negro spirituals as well. Some came from the military also."...

****
C, D
DEEP IN MY HEART (Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc.)
Spiritual sources:
"I don't know what you've been told/But the best of the colors are blue and gold" - is from the Spiritual floating verse "I don't know but I've been told/the streets of heaven are paved with gold" that is found in a number of Spirituals such as "Morning Train” (also known as “I’m Goin Home On The Morning train”) and "Ride On King Jesus".

[Pancocojams readers, please share other examples of Spirituals with this floating verse. Thanks!]

Note: Floating verses in African American Spirituals are also found in a number of different genres including military cadences, work songs (such as track lining songs), R&B songs, and children's rhymes.

**
Spiritual source for the lyrics "Deep in my heart" - the Spiritual (early African American Gospel song?) "Deep Down In My Heart"

Click http://www.authentichistory.com/1600-1859/3-spirituals/1926_Deep_Down_In_My_Heart-WM_Givens.html for a sound file of a 1926 rendition of this Spiritual (or early African American Gospel).
-snip-
DEEP IN MY HEART
I've got Sigma to the left of me
Gamma to the right of me
Rho to the back of me

S-I-G-M-A
G-A-M-M-A
R-H-O

I don't know what you've been told
But the best of the colors are blue and gold

Deep in my heart
I love SG...Rho
Deep in my heart
I love SG...Rho
Deep in my heart
I love SG...Rho
Deep in my heart
I love SG...Rho
I love, love, love, love SGRho.

[repeat entire song]
-Black Greek Soundz CD; my transcription from a 1990-1999 Black Greek Soundz CD as found in the Jack Horntip Collection, used with permission.

This is probably four independent songs/chants that are performed by this sorority.

****
E, F

****
G, H
GIVE ME THAT OLD ALPHA SPIRIT (Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.)
Spiritual source - "Give Me That Old Time Religion".
-snip-
GIVE ME THAT OLD ALPHA SPIRIT
Give me that Old Alpha Spirit
Give me that Old Alpha Spirit
Give me that oooooooold Alpha Spirit.
It's good enough for me.

It was good for Brother [insert Jewel last name]
It was good for Brother [insert Jewel last name]
It was gooooood for Brother [insert Jewel last name]
It's good enough for me.
-Brian A Jackson; Alpha Phi Alpha collection; permission granted to post on Cocojams.com 3/20/2010

****
GO DOWN (Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.)
Spiritual source- "Go Down Moses)
-snip-
GO DOWN
Go Down, Brother
Way down to Egypt Land

Tell the people
The light has come.

(Back in 06)
Back in 06
Many years ago

7 Black men
Couldn't take no more

They professed to have seen the light
The Light Of The World

They journeyed to
The motherland

Where they crossed
Those burning sands

Marching onward
They had to see

Just what
The end would bring
(What the end would bring)
-Brian A. Jackson Alpha Phi Alpha collection, permission granted to post on Cocojams.com, 3/20/2010

****
GOOD NEWS DELTAS COMING (Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.)
Good news Deltas coming
Good news Deltas coming
Good news Deltas coming
[do Delta signature call]
Don’t want to be left behind

[Sing Greek letter alphabet,
It’s a good line DST
Good line DST
Good line DST
[signature call]
Delta Sigma is enough

Omegas are our brothers
Kappas are the others
Deltas are loved by the Alphas
And the Sigma Betas too

[the remaining two verses of this song is the Greek letter alphabet, with the signature Delta call at the end before the last line
"Delta Sigma is enough"]
-snip-
FAMU GRADUATION 2013: BETA ALPHA {DELTA SIGMA THETA}



MissAudrey0275, Published on May 6, 2013 [strolling song]

****
HUSH HUSH SOMEBODY'S CALLIN YOUR NAME (Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.)
Spiritual source: "Hush Hush Somebody's Callin My Name"

HUSH HUSH SOMEBODY CALLIN YOUR NAME
Hush Hush somebody callin' your name
Hush Hush somebody callin' your name
Hush Hush somebody callin' your name
Oh my Lord, Oh my Lord, what shall we do.
-snip-
The lyrics for the Spiritual are "somebody's callin my name and "what shall I do.
-snip-
AKA "Sweet" Mu Pi Chapter Fall 2K10 Probate



James Francis, Published on Nov 25, 2010
AKA Probate

****
I, J
I KNOW I'VE BEEN CHANGED (Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.; Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc.)
Spiritual source for the four lines given below beginning with "I know I've been changed" - the Spiritual entitled "I Know I've Been Changed"

Spiritual source for "on this Alpha train" - Spirituals that mention the "Gospel train"
-snip-
I KNOW I'VE BEEN CHANGED
I know I've been changed
I know I've been changed
I know I've been changed
The big brothers done changed my name.

On this Alpha train
On this Alpha train
I've been pledgin and I'll never be the same
Sons of Alpha are we
One in love and charity
Let our thought of sadness fly
For our own, our Alpha Phi.
Courage brothers banded we
All through life 'till eternity.
Let our hearts in* joyous praise
Sing of Alpha through endless days.

Way down in the jungle deep
Burning sands scorching my feet
Pyramids touching the sky
I'm pledgin' Alpha till the day I die
Been on line pledgin' for days
Put aside my selfish ways
Feel it deep down in my soul
My butt is burnin' and I want to be ice cold.
Own my life, and take my pride
Wood me up on my backside
Pledge me anyway you can
For when I cross I'll be an Alpha man.
-Brian A. Jackson Alpha Phi Alpha collection (Gamma Iota Chapter Traditional Song, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.), 4/18/2010, used with permission and given as it was sent to me.
-snip-
Pancocojams' editor- This example from the Brian A. Jackson Alpha Phi Alpha collection probably combines more than one independent song/chant which may have been sung together.

Since I knew that "I Know I've Been Changed" is the title & chorus of an African American religious song, I contacted Brian A. Jackson to ask him if the song posted above was actually three different songs that were sung one right after the other. Mr. Jackson responded to my email with the following comments:
"I have not heard it nor sung it, but I believe that is the full song. Its a song that is sung while they are Sphinxmen so "On this Alpha train" refers to them being on the way to Alpha...
-snip-
I KNOW I'VE BEEN CHANGED (video)

Zeta Phi Beta- Long Island Tribute



Uploaded on Dec 22, 2006

A tribute to my SOOO SWEEEEET Sorors of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Incorporated, Long Island Undergraduate Chapters. "I'm not just a Zeta, I'm a LONG ISLAND Zeta!"
-snip-
This sound file includes a series of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc. songs including that a version of that sorority's "I Know I've Been Changed" (at .19 - 1.20)

An adapted version of "I Know I've Been Changed" is often sung as part of a sorority's or fraternity's probate (program). In the context of fraternities and sororities a "probate" (noun) is a program in which new members of that organization are first introduced to other members of the organization and to the general public. Here's a comment from that Zeta Phi Beta sound file's viewer comment thread:
lover7gurl, 2011
"I Know I've Been Changed" is the song we came out on at my probate! I bleed blue and white!!! Z Phi to all of my sophisticated sorors!!!

Spr. 2010
Tre Club
Sigma Mu
Columbus, MS

****
I LOOKED OVER JORDAN (Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.)
Spiritual Source - "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" (lyrics: "I looked over Jordan and what did I see")
-snip-
I LOOKED OVER JORDAN
I looked over Jordan, and what did I see
I saw Kappa Alpha Psi looking up at me
I said, "Tell me Nupe, what do you say?"
He said "Damn I shoulda pledged that A Phi A"
I looked over Jordan, and what did I see
I saw Omega Psi Phi looking up at me
I said tell me Que, to save your soul,
Why did you steal the PHI and Old Gold
I looked over Jordan, and what did I see
I saw Phi Beta Sigma looking up at me
I said "Tell me Blue, what do you see?"
"I see Alpha Phi Alpha shining brighter than me"
Cause we're the ICE COLD brothers of A Phi A
And pledging our frat is the only way!
-ColdFront06, http://www.stophazing.org/cgi-bin/ultimatebb.cgi?ubb=get_topic;f=7;t=000243, Frat/Soror Chants, 9/28/2005

****
IN THE BEGINNING (Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc.)
Spiritual source for the verse "I don't know what you've been told/But the streets of heaven are rhoyal blue and gold" - the floating verse "I don't know but I've been told/the streets of heaven are paved with gold".
-snip-
IN THE BEGINNING
In the Beginning
Yes, in the beginning there were only two.
Yes, Eve was Delta and Yes Adam was a Que.
But they messed up and what do you know
To fix it-was KAPsi and SGRho.
I don't know what you been told
But the streets of heaven are rhoyal blue and gold.
And if you get to heaven and can't get in
That's because Peter and Paul are Kappa men.
- http://ms_quiet.tripod.com/chants.html, retrieved 12/8/2012
-snip-
Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2015/03/examples-of-historically-black_17.html for an Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity version of this chant from Lawrence C. Ross, Jr., author of The Nine: The History of African American Fraternities and Sororities. That version doesn't include the "I don't know but I've been told..." verse. Adam and Eve are obviously the names of the first man and woman in the Christian Bible.

****
K, L

****
M. N
MAKE WAY THE QUE TRAIN IS COMING (Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc.)
Spiritual source/s - Spirituals about the Gospel train such as "Get On Board, Little Children" (also known as "The Gospel Train"; "I’m Going Home On The Morning Train", and "Ride This Train"

Make way the Q train is comin
Make way the Q train is comin
Make way the Q train is comin
And you don’t want to be left behind.
- words sung with chanted interjections; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Clo2cLue28o
-snip-
I also heard Ques sing this song in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania step shows in the 1990s.
-snip-
Make Way...the Que train is coming.....BETA chapter 2013 entering the cirlcle



Clyde Ashley Sherman, Published on Sep 15, 2013

****
N, O

****
P, Q

****
R, S
SAID I WASN'T GOING TO TELL NOBODY (Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.)
Spiritual Source- "Said I Wasn't Gonna Tell Nobody"s
-snip-
SAID I WASN'T GOING TO TELL NOBODY
Said I wasn't going to tell nobody
A Phi A A Phi A
But listen people I've got to shout it
A Phi A A Phi A

The Kappas and the Sigmas
They got some soul:
A Phi A A Phi A
But they just can't compare
with the black and gold.

So listen Q's you'd better step aside.
But a lot of Q's didn't and a lot of Q's died.
Oh, A Phi A A Phi A
(Repeat twice)
-Brian A. Jackson Alpha Phi Alpha collection, permission granted to post on Cocojams.com, 3/20/2010
-snip-
This is how that example was sent in to my no longer active cocojams.com website. It may be a combination of three songs/chants that were sung at the same time.

****
T, U
THIS TRAIN (Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority)
Spiritual or Early Gospel source song - "This Train Is Bound For Glory"
-snip-
This train don't carry no Zetas.
This train.
This train don't carry no Zetas
This train.
No.
This train just carries the Akas
The [name of chapter] of Alpha Kappa Alpha
This train.

This train don't carry no Sigmas.
[Sing same words as above but substitute the word "Sigmas".]

This train don't carry no Deltas.
[Sing same words as above but substitute the word "Sigmas".]
-online source https://www.wattpad.com/44876415-alpha-hard-greek-life-our-night
-snip-
Alpha Chapter, Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated 63 P.R.O.D.I.G.Y. AKA Spring 2009-7



hudrmodel, Uploaded on Apr 16, 2009

Alpha Chapter, Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated 63 P.R.O.D.I.G.Y. AKA Spring 2009
-snip-
Decledra Corbett, 2016
@jbbullard1992 : This train don't carry no sigmas this train. This train don't carry no zetas this train. This train don't carry no deltas this train. This train just cares* the alpha. The lovely alpha chapter of alpha kappa alpha. This train just carries the AKA** this train!!! This is the whole chant!!
-snip-
*carries

**AKAs is pronounced "ahkahs" in this song.

****
V, W
WADIN IN THE WATER FOR DST (Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.)
Spiritual Source: "Wade In The Water"

Wadin in the water
Wadin in the water sorors
Wadin in the water
Wadin in the water for DST

Wadin in the Water
[hand clap pattern- clap, clap, clapclap]
oh-oh-oh wadin in the water sorors
Wadin in the water
Wadin in the water for DST

I see no pink and I see no green
Wadin in the water for DST
‘Cause Delta Sigma Theta is all I need
Wadin in the water for DST

Wadin in the Water
[hand clap pattern- clap, clap, clapclap]
oh-oh-oh wadin in the water sorors
Wadin in the water
Wadin in the water for DST

I see no blue and I see no white
Wadin in the water for DST
‘Cause Delta Sigma Theta is outta sight
(Wadin in the water for DST

Wadin in the Water
[hand clap pattern- clap, clap, clapclap]
oh-oh-oh wadin in the water sorors
Wadin in the water
Wadin in the water for DST

I see no blue and I see no gold
Wadin inna the water for DST
‘Cause Delta Sigma Theta is in my soul
Wade inna the water for DST

Wadin in the Water
[hand clap pattern- clap, clap, clapclap]
oh-oh-oh wadin in the water sorors
Wadin in the water
Wadin in the water for DST

If you get there before I do
(Wadin in the water for DST)
Just tell my sorors I'm coming too
Wadin in the water for DST

Wadin in the Water
[hand clap pattern- clap, clap, clapclap]
oh-oh-oh wadin in the water sorors
Wadin in the water
Wadin in the water for DST
-snip-
In this song the colors pink & green refer to Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., the colors blue & white refer to Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc., and the colors [Royal] blue & gold refer to Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. These three sororities and Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. are the historically Black Greek letter sororities are members of National Pan-Hellenic Council. Those sororities and five historically Black Greek letter fraternities* are colloquially known as the "Divine Nine". Click for information about the Divine Nine.

*Given in order of their incorporation date, the fraternities that are members of the Divine Nine are Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, and Iota Phi Theta Fraternity.
-snip-
Morgan State University Graduation 2014 - Delta Sigma Theta



Michael Parker, Published on Jul 28, 2014
-snip-
This DST strolling song begins around 1:19 to 3:46 in this video.

****
WE ARE SORORS (Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority)
early Gospel song source - "We Are Soldiers"
-snip-
"We are Sorors and we’re striving
We have to work
Sometimes we have to cry (we have to cry)
We have to hold on to Alpha Kappa Alpha,
And we’ll keep holding on until we die."
-snip-
AKAs Setting up-HOWARD UNIVERSITY 2014



Adande Piggott, Published on Jan 15, 2014
-snip-
Here's a 2009 video of the same AKA chapter that shows neophytes (new members) singing this adapted religious song:



bisonhoney22, Published on Apr 16, 2009
-snip-
This comment suggests that this song was sung at least twenty years ago:
Alpha Chapter, Alpha Kappa Alpha 2009 63 P.R.O.D.I.G.Y. (Pt.1)
gotmypearls, 2014
"20 years later and this song still gives me chills..."

****
WE LOVE OMEGA - (Omega Psi Phi Fraternity)
The Spiritual source of the verses "so high you can't get over it...etc...You must go through the door- Spiritual "My Lord Is So High
-snip-
WE LOVE OMEGA*
Lead – Well, we love
Group- We love Omega
Lead – Oh we love
Group- We love Omega
Lead- Ooh we love
Group- We love Omega
Lead and Group - Because it’s deep down in our heart
We said it’s deeper, deeper, deeper, deeper
down, down down ,down
Deep down in our hearts
We said it’s deeper, deeper, deeper, deeper
Down, down down down
Deep down in our hearts
Lead – Omega’s so high
Group- So high you can’t get over it
Lead- Omega’s so low
Group- so low you can’t get under it
Lead &Group- Omega’s so
Lead and Group – wide
Lead & Group -You must go through that door
-snip-
*I'm not sure if this is the actual title of this song.
Transcription by Azizi Powell from the video. Additions and corrections are welcome.
-snip-
Omega Psi Phi Songs - Terrible x3 Tau Lambda Lambda Chapter



KingJames432, Uploaded on Nov 17, 2009

Neos setting owt some songs on their initiation... and NO.. they will never wear that much 'nalia at the same time again lol. Their voices were a bit hoarse.
-snip-
This featured song is #2 in this video [begins at 1:46]

Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2014/04/darling-omega-song-two-other-omega-psi.html for a pancocojams post that features this song and other Omega Psi Phi Fraternity songs.

Here's a partial statement from the summary of another video that is included in that post and is from that same event:"The '70s Bruhs would always woo the women with their vocal abilities... passing down the tradition"

***
WHO'S THAT KNOCKING AT MY DOOR (Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc.)
Spiritual Source- "Somebody's Knockin At Your Door"
-snip-
WHO'S THAT KNOCKIN AT THE DOOR
Who's that knockin at the door
Well it's the Ques.
We're gonna break it on down.

[Repeat several times.]
-posted by Azizi Powell, heard at various step shows in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1990s

****
X,Y,Z

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

Wednesday, May 16, 2018

What Does The Statement That "Strolling Is A Tradition For Black University Graduates In The United States Who Are Members Of Historically Black Fraternities Or Sororities" Mean

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post explores the performance art of "strolling" by graduates and/or other members of historically Black Greek letter fraternities and sororities "strolling" as it occurs during and/or after university graduation ceremonies.

The impetus for this post is this relatively widely repeated quote from an article about the incident that occurred during a University Of Florida 2018 graduation ceremony in which some Black graduates (and- some allege- also some White graduates) were forcefully pushed off the stage because they "strolled" or performed some other celebratory movements:
..."The University of Florida has suspended a faculty member who rushed mostly black graduates off the stage during a commencement ceremony.

The white employee, described as a chemistry lecturer, has been placed on paid administrative leave, according to AL.com.

Videos of the ceremony show the lecturer pushing and restraining black students who were “strolling,” or celebrating their achievement through actions like dancing, or what one graduate told The Gainesville Sun is "a cultural tradition in historically black fraternities and sororities." http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/387231-university-of-florida-suspends-official-who-pulled-black-graduates
University of Florida suspends official who pulled black graduates off stage during commencement by Avery Anapol - 05/11/18
-snip-
I added italics to highlight this sentence.

****
The content of this post is presented for cultural, historical, entertainment and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all who are quoted in this post, thanks to all those who are featured in these the videos, and thanks to all those who published these videos.

****
PANCOCOJAMS EDITOR'S NOTE
Other than its focus on that italicized comment, this pancocojams post doesn't address the University Of Florida incident or whether it is appropriate or inappropriate for graduates to "stroll", "step", "dance" or perform other celebratory movements while "walking" at their commencement (walking across the stage to receive their diploma/certificate).

Instead, this post defines "strolling" and "steppin[g]" as they refer to BGLOs (Black Greek letter organizations) and ,by extension, as those movement arts refer to other organizations. This post also provides some historical information about this BGLO originated performance art and showcases a few examples of Black Americans steppin and strolling during and after university graduation ceremonies.

It's my position that "strolling" (and steppin) are traditional performance arts that originated with historically Black Greek letter organizations. As such, it has become a tradition to perform those movement arts at certain times. And, although these movements arts are noticeably different, sometimes when people (including members of BGLOs) refer to "strolling", they actually mean "steppin".

As a preface to that information and showcase videos, I believe that it's important to distinguish:
1. whether strolling (and/or steppin) occurs by graduates and other members of their organization after the completion of the official graduation ceremony

2. whether strolling (and or steppin) occurs during and/or after cultural graduating ceremonies for Black university graduates

3. whether steppin or strolling movements are performed by individual graduates when they "walk' across the stage during the official university commencement ceremony or at other unplanned times during the official graduation ceremony


I believe that stepping and strolling are traditional performance movement arts which have been customary for groups (consisting of graduate members and other members) to perform after the official university graduation ceremony. (#1)

I also believe that having graduating members of BGLOs step or stroll into the auditorium may be a custom in some Black cultural university ceremonies. [#2] As is the case with #1, it appears that it may be a tradition in the making for BGLOs to step and stroll after the cultural graduating ceremony for Black graduates has ended.

However, I don't believe that #3 is a BGLO custom or tradition at either HBCU (historically Black Colleges & Universities) or at [historically and present day] PWIs (predominately White institutions).

Instead, I think that Black graduates dancing (or performing stroll-like movements) while receiving their diploma/certificate is part of the celebratory actions that any graduate regardless of his or her race or ethnicity might do at that time (I'm including movements such as doing a "dab", "crip walking", doing some other popular dance movement, and/or doing back flips-all of which [with the possible exception of the back flip) appear to me to have been part of that 2018 University of Florida incident.)

That said, the way that HBCUs and PWIs administrators respond to individuals or groups steppin and strolling during their official graduation ceremony might be different. And the way that the commencement audiences might respond to individual or groups engaging in such activities might be different.

****
DEFINITION AND HISTORY OF BLACK GREEK LETTER ORGANIZATION ORIGINATED "STROLLING"
Excerpt #1:
Pancocojams Editor's Note: This excerpt is found in this 2013 pancocojams post entitled "An Overview Of Black Greek Letter Organization Steppin & Step Cheers" http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/05/an-overview-of-black-greek-letter.html

"Steppin (Stepping) is a syncopated, choreographed performance art that occurs at competitive "step shows" and other venues. The performance art of steppin originated among historically Black (African American) university based Greek lettered fraternities & sororities.

[...]

I've seen the 1940s given as the date that historically Black Greek lettered organizations began steppin'. I'm willing to accept that 1940s date as long as it's understood that the beginning of what steppin has become didn't look like steppin now.

in her book Soul Stepping Elizabeth Fine quotes a 1924 Howard University student newspaper The Hilltop article entitled "Hell-Week" in which members of Omega Psi Phi and Kappa Alpha Psi fraternites are described as pledges "dancing about the campus..." (p.15).

However that dancing or that marching on campus that is also documented didn't look the same as the Black Greek letted organizations' steppin' styles that developed in the 1980s and 1990s. Elizabeth Fine also wrote that "The shift from the old-style circular stepping of the 1940s and 1950s to the increasingly complex synchronized movement style of the 1980s and 1990s attests to the new role stepping has in asserting black cultural identity" (p. 6).

Since at least the 1990s among historically Black Greek lettered organizations (BGLO), the performance art of strolls (party walks) has been added to most step routines, particularly at the end of those routines. "Strolls" (party walks) are done in a vertical line to recorded music, usually from the R&B/Hip-Hop genres or group songs, often adapted from Spirituals or R&B songs. The terms "strolls" or "party walks" refer to the strutting, dancing walk that the organizations' members informally do at dances/parties. While steppin is almost always a competitive performance, fraternities against fraternities, and sororities against sororities, "strolls" can be either competitive within those gender groupings, or non-competitive."...
-snip-
Notice that BGLO originated "strolling" [and steppin] is a group activity. Another name for "strolling" is "party walks" as these strolls were seemingly spontaneously performed at parties (dance gatherings), usually to certain recorded R&B/Hip Hop music. Non-competitive BGLO strolls are also performed at any number of social events such as picnics and wedding receptions. "Stroll offs" are competitive events in which stroll teams from historically Black Greek letter fraternities compete against each other and stroll teams from historically Black Greek letter sororities compete against each other.

****
Excerpt #2:
Pancocojams Editor's note: In this 2015 pancocojams post http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2015/04/african-american-examples-of-walk_11.html "African American Examples Of Walk Arounds - Cakewalks And Other Non-Religious Examples", I maintain that historically Black Greek letter fraternity and sorority strolling should be considered as a contemporary example of a non-religious Black American "walk around" (circular dance movement) performance art tradition. Other historical and contemporary examples of walk arounds are "the cakewalk", "Chicago stepping" (dance), and "Detroit stepping" (ball room) dance. The "ring shout" is a historical example of a Black American religious walk around.

This video of strolling is included in that 2015 pancocojams post:

AKA Stroll



JeMarcTV, Uploaded on Apr 19, 2009

Albany State Universitys 43 P.E.A.R.L.S of the Gamma Sigma Chapter of Alpha Kappa Alpha strolling to their old school song after their probate.
-snip-
Here's the comment that I wrote after this video:
"Strolling" (also known as "stroll offs" and "party walks") are non-competitive and competitive group struts and dancing performances to recorded music. Strolling shares the same history and early sources as historically Black Greek letter[ed] fraternity and sorority stepping and is now performed by Latino Greek lettered organizations, multi-cultural Greek lettered organizations, and others. Like sorority and fraternity "stepping", "strolling" has undergone and is still undergoing considerable performance changes. Click http://www.greekster.tv/page/greek-strolling-history-and for another definition of "strolling" and comments about the history of strolling (stroll offs, party walks). Also click the "strolling" tab below for more pancocojams posts that about strolling and more pancocojams post that feature examples of historic ally Black Greek lettered organization stroll offs.
-snip-
"Old School" is a usually positive phrase that means something from the past. The AKA probates [new members] and their sorors [sisters] are strolling to the 1984 record "Set It Off" by Strafe.

****
SHOWCASE VIDEOS OF BLACK GRADUATES AND OTHER MEMBERS OF THEIR BGLO STROLLING AFTER OFFICIAL UNIVERSITY GRADUATIONS
Example #1: The Grad Stroll #FAMU



Benjamin Evans, Published on May 2, 2012

No better place to graduate than Florida A & M University. Watch all the love from organizations, fraternities, sororities and families after graduation.

****
Example #2: Sigma Strolling After Graduating from Albany State



Ken Nesbitt, Published on Mar 5, 2012

Watch OB Go OFF! GOMAB!
-snip-
These brothers are members of Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc.

For what it's worth, I would have categorized this performance art as "steppin" instead of "strolling" which leads me to the conclusion that a number of articles that were written as a result of the above mentioned 2018 University of Florida incident actually refer to "steppin" movements and not "strolling".

There are lots of YouTube videos of Black university graduates and other members of their BGLOs stepping after the completion of official university graduation ceremonies.

****
Example #3: Morgan State University Graduation 2014 - Delta Sigma Theta



Michael Parker, Published on Jul 28, 2014

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO OF BLACK GRADUATES AND OTHER MEMBERS OF THEIR BGLO STEPPIN AND STROLLING DURING BLACK CULTURAL GRADUATIONS
Jabulani Black Graduation 2014 SFSU



JaRon McReynolds, Published on Mar 7, 2015
-snip-
San Francisco State University
-snip-
Here's information about the word "jabulani" from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jabulani
"Jabulani is a Zulu word meaning "rejoice"...
-snip-
Click from 1:50 to 2:10 in this video to see various BGLOs steppin and strollin into the auditorium of this cultural event.

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO OF SPONTANEOUS STEPPIN PERFORMANCES DURING A HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY'S OFFICIAL GRADUATION CEREMONY

Fall Graduation @ Grambling State University 2013



Patricia Brown, Published on Dec 21, 2013

Grambling State University 2013, CB Brown graduation

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO OF A BLACK GRADUATE DOING BGLO STEPPIN OR STROLLING MOVEMENTS DURING HIS "WALK" ONSTAGE AT A PWI (PREDOMINATELY WHITE INSTITUTION OFFICIAL GRADUATION
Iota Stops UF Graduation



Karen Figueredo, Published on May 13, 2013
-snip-
"Iota" = Iota Phi Theta Fraternity, Inc.

"UF" = University of Florida [?]

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.